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Sunday, April 26, 2020 | History

4 edition of Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. found in the catalog.

Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa.

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Published by S. Karger in Basel, New York .
Written in English

    Places:
  • Africa, Central.
    • Subjects:
    • Endemic goiter in children -- Africa, Central.,
    • Hypothyroidism in children -- Africa, Central.

    • Edition Notes

      Bibliography: p. [148]-171.

      StatementBy F[rançois] Delange.
      SeriesMonographs in paediatrics,, v. 2
      Classifications
      LC ClassificationsRJ420.H9 D44
      The Physical Object
      Paginationxii, 171 p.
      Number of Pages171
      ID Numbers
      Open LibraryOL5109377M
      ISBN 103805516878
      LC Control Number74181865

      When the pituitary gland senses a change in thyroid hormone levels, it adjusts its own hormone (TSH) and sends s it to the thyroid to signal it what to do. Types of thyroid disease Hyperthyroidism: This is a medical condition which occurs when the patient has an overactive thyroid causing the thyroid gland to produce too much of thyroxine. A goitre or goiter (Latin gutteria, struma), is a swelling in the thyroid gland, [1] which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box). Goitre rarely occurs when the thyroid gland is functioning properly. Worldwide, over 90% cases of goitre are caused by iodine deficiency. [2].


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Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. by F. Delange Download PDF EPUB FB2

Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. book, New York, S. Karger, (OCoLC) Online version: Delange, F.

Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. Basel, New York, S. Karger, (OCoLC) Document Type: Book: All Authors / Contributors: F Delange. Endemic Goitre and Thyroid Function in Central Africa (Monographs in Paediatrics, Vol.

2) [Delange, F., Falkner, F., Kretchmer, N., Rossi, E.] on *FREE Cited by: Book Notes | 1 August Monographs in Paediatrics. Volume 2. Endemic Goitre and Thyroid Function in Central Africa. Monographs in Paediatrics. Volume 2. Endemic Goitre and Thyroid Function in Central Africa.

Ann Intern Med. ;– doi: https. The main cause of endemic goiter is iodine deficiency, and thyroid growth is presumed to be regulated by thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH). However, in slightly iodine deficient areas TSH levels are found to be normal (Pisarev et al., ) or even decreased compared to areas with normal iodine intake (Gutekunst et al., ).

A goitre, or goiter, is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland. A goitre can be associated with a thyroid that is not functioning properly.

Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are caused by iodine deficiency. The term is from the Latin gutturia, meaning throat. Most goitres are of a benign nature. Signs and symptoms. A goiter can present as a palpable or visible Specialty: Endocrinology.

Endemic infantile hypothyroidism in a severe endemic goitre area of central Africa. Vanderpas J, Bourdoux P, Lagasse R, Rivera M, Dramaix M, Lody D, Nelson G, Delange F, Ermans AM, Thilly CH.

Thyroid function and exposure to dietary goitrogenic factors (iodine deficiency and thiocyanate overload) were studied at birth and from birth to 7 years Cited by: In the 27 goitre-endemic districts, TGP decreased from 61% (s) to % Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa.

book. The median UIC was (95% CF: ) μg/L. Only 25% of children had UIC. Endemic goiters are seen in both mountainous (New Guinea) and nonmountainous regions of Africa (Cameroun, Northern Zaire, Central Africa Republic, Uganda, and Rwanda).

The prevalence rates of endemic goiters in Africa range from 1% to 90% and the distribution is shown in Table by: In such areas goitre is said to be "endemic".

This type of goiter is easily preventable. In most developed countries regulations have been put into force by health policy institutions requiring salt, flour or water to be fortified with iodine.

[citation needed] Treatment of endemic goiter is Classification: DICD EE, ICDCM:. Other articles where Endemic goitre is discussed: goitre: common type of goitre is endemic goitre, caused by iodine deficiency.

Iodine is an essential nutrient that is required for the production of thyroid hormone. When iodine intake is low, thyroid hormone production is low, and in response the pituitary gland secretes greater quantities of the hormone thyrotropin (thyroid-stimulating. endemic goiter: [ goi´ter ] enlargement of the thyroid gland, causing a swelling in the front part of the neck; called also struma.

adj., adj goit´rous. If there is evidence of pressure against the throat, or the possibility of a Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. book, the goiter may be Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. book surgically. Simple endemic goiter is usually caused by lack of iodine in.

A simple goiter usually occurs when the Endemic goitre and thyroid function in Central Africa. book gland is not able to produce enough thyroid hormone to meet the body's needs.

The thyroid gland makes up for this lack by enlarging, which usually overcomes mild deficiencies of thyroid hormone. A simple goiter may be classified as either an endemic (colloid) goiter or a sporadic (nontoxic) goiter. Endemic goiters are seen in both mountainous (New Guinea) and nonmountainous regions of Africa (Cameroun, Northern Zaire, Central Africa Republic, Uganda, and Rwanda).

The prevalence rates of endemic goiters in Africa range from 1% to 90% and the distribution is shown in Table 1. Abstract. An endemic goiter study was carried out in a vast territory of the Calabria region, including the provinces of Catanzaro and Cosenza.

About 50% of school-children, aged between 6 and 12 years, examined in 34 villages, presented a thyroid by: Endemic Goitre And Thyroid Function In Central Africa Delange, F. Karger A Review of the Significance of Untoward Reactions to Iodine in Foods Talbot JM, Fisher KD, Carr CJ PB, NTIS Iodine in Foods.

Chemistry, Methodology and Sources of Iodine in the Human Diet Fisher KD, Carr CJ. PB, NTIS. The primary role of iodine deficiency in goitrogenesis and the prevention and treatment of endemic goiter by iodine supplementation is firmly established. Unfortunately, implementation of iodine prophylaxis programs has met with considerable technical and socioeconomic difficulties.

Besides, lack of knowledge concerning some of the other causative factors of endemic goiter has prevented Cited by: Goitre is a swelling of the thyroid gland in the neck.

The swelling is caused by lack of iodine. A goitre is usually obvious, but not always. Olwata says goitre is more frequent in women because. endemic goitre.

Peters, Michael // BMA A-Z Family Medical Encyclopedia;, p An encyclopedia entry for "endemic goitre" is presented. It is a type of goitre, a swelling of the neck due to enlargement of the thyroid gland, that occurs due to a deficiency of iodine in the diet.

West African Journal of Medicine Vol. 32, No. 1 January–March, J. Dakubo and Associates Goitre in an Endemic Area Initiating Supplementary Iodine Nutrition 47 thyroid swelling and wanted it removed because of its’ size and/or pressure effect on the trachea.

In twelve patients there were significant respiratory pressureCited by: 2. To assess the incidence, indications, and complications of (reoperative) thyroid gland surgery in an endemic region, we have retrospectively analyzed patients operated on between and Causes. Worldwide, the most common cause for goitre is iodine deficiency, commonly seen in countries that scarcely use iodized salt.

Selenium deficiency is also considered a contributing factor. In countries that use iodized salt, Hashimoto's thyroiditis is the most common cause. [5] Goitre can also result from cyanide poisoning; this is particularly common in tropical countries where people.

Start studying Thyroiditis and Endemic goiter (ZORN). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. thyroid function returns to normal in by 12 months. Suppurative thyroiditis. -central asia, central africa. Chinese physicians of the Tang Dynasty (–) were the first to successfully treat patients with goitre by using the iodine-rich thyroid gland of animals such as sheep and pigs—in raw, pill, or powdered form.

This was outlined in Zhen Quan's (d. AD) book, as well as several others. One Chinese book, The Pharmacopoeia of the Heavenly Husbandman, asserted that iodine-rich sargassum. There are a number of thyroid problems that can compromise the normal functioning of the thyroid gland.

A goitre occurs when the thyroid gland enlarges, often causing a noticeable lump in the front of the neck area. Common symptoms of a goitre include: Thyroid lumps in neck; Sensation of a lump in the throat; Difficulty drinking, eating or speaking.

The book examines the mechanism of action of thyroid hormones, extrathyroidal distribution and metabolism of iodine, and biochemical pathways of thyroid hormone metabolism. The text is a dependable reference for readers interested in the Book Edition: 1.

Endemic goiters are seen in both mountainous (New Guinea) and nonmountainous regions of Africa (Cameroun, Northern Zaire, Central Africa Republic, Uganda, and Rwanda). [3] The prevalence rates of endemic goiters in Africa range from 1% to 90% and the distribution is shown in [Table 1].

Six of the reviews in this monograph were published two years ago (Absts. toVol. 28) and have been revised and brought up to date. First is the review of prevalence and distribution (Kelly and Snedden, London) which would be more valuable if we were told what the criteria were at different times and in different areas.

The review of the physiology of goitre (Stanbury, Boston) ends. The endemic form of cretinism prevails in the valleys of central Switzerland, Tirol and the Pyrenees. In Great Britain cretins have been found in many places but particularly in Derby shire.

The disease is not confined to Europe, but occurs in North and South America, Australia, Africa and Asia. of TC out of all cases of thyroid disease admitted in the year study was %.(12) For the state of Sarawak, a known endemic goitre area, the number of TC cases was 55 out of (%) cases of goitrous thyroid swelling, and the highest number was reported in Year 5 of the study (11 out of%).

(11) The studyFile Size: KB. Endemic goiter exists in a certain area if 5% of the children from 6–12 years of age have enlarged thyroid gland Iodine deficiency is the most significant etiolog-ical factor of endemic goiter3,4,6, The pituitary gland responds to low levels of circulating thyroid hormones by increasing secretion of thyroid stimulating hormone.

A goitre or goiter is a swelling in the neck resulting from an enlarged thyroid gland. The term is also used to describe an enlarged thyroid. A goitre is associated with a thyroid that is not functioning properly. Worldwide, over 90% of goitre cases are caused by iodine deficiency. The term is from the Latin goitres are of a benign nature.

Objective: To define the histopathological types of goitre in this initial period of iodine supplementation and relate this to the types of thyroid surgeries that were performed.

Methods: It was a prospective study of consecutive patients who underwent thyroidectomy from January December Cited by: 2. Abstract. In an area of severe endemic goiter in Central Java, Indonesia, clinical overt or mild hypothyroidism appeared to be present in 7 out of 20 cretins and also in 12 out of 94 non-cretinous subjects, all 5–20 years of age, living in the village of by: Hypothyroidism or hyperthyroidism during postpartum is usually a temporary condition and result from modification to the immune system necessary in pregnancy.

Iodine Deficiency-Thyroid enlargement known as endemic goitre occurs in few part of the world like Andes, Himalayas and central Africa due to lack of iodine intake from diet. For previous work see Abst.Vol. The turnover of I and production of hormonal I were studied in the goitre area of Uele, Congo, in 12 subjects who had and 12 who had not been treated with I for different lengths of time; all had goitre.

The techniques used and the results are presented in some detail. The thyroid glands were removed for by: Characterizing Thyroid Disease and Identifying Barriers to Care and Treatment in Uganda Jane Fualal, Willieford Moses, Sudha Jayaraman, Margaret Nalugo, Doruk Ozgediz, Quan-Yang Duh Jessica Gosnell, Electron Kebebew ABSTRACT Thyroid disease in Uganda continues to be endemic, despite national salt iodinization.

This study describes the localFile Size: 96KB. Function. Iodine is an essential component of the thyroid hormones, triiodothyronine (T 3) and thyroxine (T 4), and is therefore essential for normal thyroid function.

To meet the body's demand for thyroid hormones, the thyroid gland traps iodine from the blood and incorporates it into the large ( kDa) glycoprotein thyroglobulin.

Population at risk. Iodine deficiency affects all stages of human life, from the intra-uterine stage to old age, as shown in Table However, pregnant women, lactating women, women of reproductive age, and children younger than 3 years are considered to be at high risk (3).During foetal and neonatal growth and development, iodine deficiency leads to irreversible damage to the brain and.

Thyroid hormone therapy: Hormone therapy helps to treat the thyroid cancer or to replace the thyroid hormones after surgery. It includes T3 and T4 hormones, which inhibit TSH hormone secretion.

Decreased TSH levels restrict the growth of cancer. Replaced thyroid hormones prevent the development of symptoms of thyroid cancer.

Thyroid disorders are one of the most common endocrine problems in children and adolescents. Diagnostic approaches of thyroid disorders can be approached from the perspective of goiter [].The involvement of both dietary non dietary factors besides iodine deficiency might interact in the genesis of thyroid enlargement [].Goiter, an indicator of iodine deficiency, is a major public health Cited by:.

The “feto-maternal” pdf function interrelationship in an iodine-deficient region in Africa – the role of T3 in possible fetal defense. Acta EndocrinologicaS.C. Das, U.P. Isichei, J.O. Egbuta, S.H. Ihezue. Thyroid function profile and differential serum lipid and lipoproteins in Africans with endemic goitre.A goitre or goiter (Latin gutteria, struma), is a swelling in the download pdf gland, [1] which can lead to a swelling of the neck or larynx (voice box).

Goitre is a term that refers to an enlargement of the thyroid (thyromegaly) and can be associated with a thyroid gland that is functioning properly or esDB: The goal ebook the prevention of IDDs ebook universal salt iodization (USI). Programs must take into account possible losses between point of manufacture or import and the consumer's table.

Losses may vary among the forms of iodine used (iodide vs. iodate), heat, purity, humidity, packaging, shelf time, and losses in cooking. Programs should also be.